History of Swatch

Swatch quality was very high class

History of Swatch

Swatch Group

Swatch group manufactures and produces finished watches. Not just watches but also some watch components, electronic system and jewelry as well. The swatch group is trusted by many.
The Swatch Group formed from two financially troubled predecessor companies, SSIH and ASUAG. SSIH originated in 1930 with the merger of the Omega and Tissot companies. Swiss watch quality was high, but new technology such as the Hamilton Electric watch introduced in 1957 and the Bulova Accutron tuning fork watch introduced in 1961 presaged increasing high technology competition. In the late 1970s SSIH became insolvent due in part to a recession and in part to heavy competition from inexpensive Asian made quartz crystal watches. These difficulties occurred even though it had become Switzerland's largest and the world's third largest producer of watches. Its creditor banks assumed control in 1981.
ASUAG, formed in 1931, was the world's largest producer of watch movements and the parts thereof (Balance wheels, Balance Springs (Spiral), Assortments, Watch Stones (""rubis""). ASUAG had also integrated an array of Watch brand in 1972 into a sub holding company, General Watch Co. ASUAG failed similarly in 1982.
Both groups were reorganized and merged into SSIH/ASUAG Holding Company in 1983. Taken private, in 1985, by then CEO Nicolas Hayek, with the understanding of the Swiss Banks and the financial assistance of a group of Swiss private investors, it was renamed SMH in 1986, and ultimately Swatch Group Ltd in 1998. The launch of the new ""Swatch"" brand watch in 1983, by the then ETA SA CEO Ernst Thomke and his young team of engineers, was marked by bold new styling and design. The quartz watch was redesigned for manufacturing efficiency and fewer parts. This combination of marketing and manufacturing expertise restored Switzerland as a major player in the world wristwatch market.
In 1994, Swatch entered into a joint venture with Germany's Daimler AG to produce the Smart, but they later withdrew from this project.
Swatch subsidiary Belenos Clean Power AG entered into a joint venture with the Paul Scherrer Institute in May 2008 to develop a hydrogen fuel cell for a fuel cell powered car. Swatch began test drives of the car in Switzerland in 2012 and plans to bring the car to market by 2015 or 2016.

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